Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry (1943-1982)

The Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry was placed until 1972 at Universitätsplatz 1 (= Halbärthgasse 5 = Schubertstrasse 1); from 1977-1982 a new block of this building at Schubertstrasse 1 was housing the institute.

Photos of the old institute building at Schuberstrasse 1 (1943-1977) and from the new block (since 1977)

Time Chairmen, coworkers and events Portraits, photos and links

In 1943, the institute of inorganic chemistry was separated from the chemistry institute, and Erich THILO (born 1898 in Neubrandenburg, + 1977 in Berlin), was appointed as head of this new institute. Thilo had studied chemistry in Berlin and got his doctoral degree in 1925 as student of Paneth. Then he got his venia in 1932 in Berlin. His research in dealt with inorganic high polymer compounds such as phosphates and silicates. In 1945, Thilo had to leave Graz and moved to Berlin-Aldersdorf, where he stayed until his retirement.

Although Thilo´s era was very short, it was due to his appointment, that the most necessary repair works and adaptions of the old fashioned chemistry building (e.g. electric light in the students´labs, new laboratories, a stock of chemicals) had been started. Due to his efforts it was possible to start immediately after the second world war with chemical education and research.

The analytical branch was situated in these 2 years at the university of technology, because in this time again a combination of both chemistry institutes of Graz was planned.

Pic of Thilo
Erich Thilo

From 1945-46, Alois MUSIL (born 1899 in Iglau/Mähren, +1966 in Graz) was temporary head of the institute. He was student of Fresenius, Mark and Ebert; he got his venia for physical chemistry at the university of Graz in 1946. Since 1947, he was then professor of inorganic chemistry and head of this institute. His research dealt with theoretical aspects of binary systems and later with the theory of the activity of non-electrolyts.

In 1950, Musil had a severe car accident with a head violation which lowered his efficiency in work. During his hospital stay, Marius Rebek gave the main lecture in inorganic and analytical chemistry.

Musil was famous with his experimental lecture (his socalled "Tschimbumm-Vorlesung".

In this era, the following chemists got the venia legendi:

Hermenegild FLASCHKA (born 1915 in Cilli) got his venia for analytical chemistry and microchemistry in 1954. Later he left Graz and moved to Cairo, and later to the USA (Georgia/Atlanta).

Eugen GAGLIARDI (born 1919 in Graz, +1981 in Graz), later head of this institute, got his venia in 1956 for inorganic and analytical chemistry.

Reinhold PIETSCH (born 1925 in Berndorf/N.Ö), later head of the institute of analytical chemistry, got his venia in 1958 for analytical chemistry.

Photos from Musil´s "Tschimbumm lecture"
Pic of Musil
Alois Musil

After Musils retirement, Eugen GAGLIARDI (born 1919 in Graz, +1981 in Graz), was temporary head of this institute. His research dealt with the preparation and structure elucidation of chelate complexes of transition metals.

It took a rather long time to get a new candidate for an ordinary professor of inorganic and analytical chemistry because the chemistry building was housing at this time 5 institutes which caused place problems, and furthermore, the lab equipment was rather old fashioned. However, after the institutes of organic and physical chemistry had moved to Heinrichstrasse 28 in 1969, it was started to renovate and expand "Pebal´s" old chemistry building.

Pic of Gagliardi
Eugen Gagliardi

Analytical labs in 1969

In 1970, Edgar NACHBAUR (born 1932 in Innsbruck), was appointed as professor of inorganic chemistry. He studied chemistry in Innsbruck and got his venia in 1966 there. His research dealt with sulfur- nitrogen compounds, carbonic acid derivatives and heterocycles such as triazines. Because of conflicts with the analytical chemists of the institute, later the institute was splitted into an inorganic and analytical part. Nachbaur was then again head of the institute of inorganic chemistry.

After the institutes of organic and physical chemistry had left the old chemistry building, the old building was renowned and in addition, at the Schubertstrasse side a new building was set up. This new building was opened in 1977, and in 1978 the old chemistry building was fully renovated.

Photo from rebuilding and the new building at Schuberstrasse.
Pic of Nachbaur
Edgar Nachbaur

After the implementation of the new university organization law (UOG75), Eugen GAGLIARDI ( data see above) was elected again as head of this institute. In this time, the separation of analytical and inorganic chemistry was one of the most important themes.

In this era, Johannes RABER (born 1929 in Graz, +2001 in Graz), who got his doctoral degree in 1957 as student of Musil, obtained in 1979 the venia legendi for analytical chemistry. His research dealt with purin chemistry, analytical reagents, chemical flotation, water- and environmental chemistry. Besides this, Raber´s name is known to all future chemistry students and visitors of lab fetes because of his famous drink "Raber´s best".

Work groups in this era.

Eugen Gagliardi

Johannes Raber

"Raber´s best"

In 1981, Gagliardi suffered a sudden death, and until the actually separation of the institute (1982), Reinhold PIETSCH was temporary head of the institute.

Reinhold Pietsch