In 1941, from the chemistry institute (consisting of inorganic, analytical,
organic and pharmaceutical chemistry), pharmaceutical chemistry was separated with
Alois ZINKE as head of this institute (Physical chemistry
was a separate institute since 1923). In 1943, after Skrabal´s retirement, the chemistry
institute was again splitted into the institutes of inorganic and analytical chemistry,
institute of organic chemistry and institute of pharmaceutical chemistry.
Zinke was during this time director of both of the last 2 institutes. In 1945, both
institutes were combined to the institute of organic and pharmaceutical chemistry.
In the first years under Zinke´s guidance, the institute building and some of the
equipment was renovated
(see link to photos of the renovated labs in the right bar).
Alois ZINKE (born 1892 in Bärnbach/Styria, +1963 in Graz)
the head of this institute,
got his doctoral degree in 1915 as student of Scholl. In 1920 he obtained
the venia legendi for organic chemistry
and moved 1922 to the university of technology in Graz as professor of
Since 1927 he was at the chemistry institute of the Karl-Franzens-university as
professor of pharmaceutic chemistry.
His research interests were besides some natural products polyfused aromatic compounds
(influenced by Scholl) and later phenol-formaldehyde resins.
In this context Zinke discovered the calixarenes,
a compound class which has found much interest nowadays again (see link at the right bar).
In this time Zinke became an important and influential person at the university. Together with Kratky, head of the institute of physical and theoretical
chemistry, Zinke planned a new building for organic and physical chemistry in the Heinrichstrasse
the lack of laboratory place (after the second world war an enormous increase of students was observed - especially from
Germany, where many universities were destroyed); so there were about 30 students of chemistry and 100
students of pharmacy in the labs.
Whereas immediately after the end of the second world war the new Austrian government gave enormous funds for the
university (supported by the European recovery program), the staff increased only slowly because
there were not enough chemists available who were both qualified and politically clean.
In this era many chemists got the venia for organic or pharmaceutical chemistry:
Franz HANUS (born 1914 in Graz, +1985 in Graz)
got his doctoral degree in 1936 as student of Zinke. in 1942 he obtained
the venia legendi for organic and pharmaceutical chemistry. Later he worked
at Vianova Kunstharz AG in Graz.
His research work dealt mainly with phenol-formaldehyd-resins.
(born 1907 in Freiland, Lower Austria) got his doctoral degree in 1932 at the university of
technology in Vienna. In 1942 he obtained the venia legendi for
After the Second World War he worked at the technical university of Dresden and
Aachen in the research field of petrochemistry.
Erich ZIEGLER, later head of
organic and pharmaceutical chemistry and then of
Gustav ZIGEUNER, later
(born 1923 in Graz) got his doctoral degree in 1951 as student of Zinke. He obtained in 1963
the venia for organic and pharmaceutical
chemistry. His research dealt in former years with polyfused aromatics, then resin and
in pharmaceutical chemistry quinones.
(born 1894 in Graz, +1983 in Graz) got his doctoral degree in 1918 as student of Kremann and Zinke.
In 1946 he obtained the venia for pharmaceutical
chemistry. His research interest was directed to the isolation of natural plant products.
(born 1889 in Triest, +1982 in Graz) got his doctoral degree in 1913 at the university of Vienna.
In 1920 he obtained the venia for organic chemistry at the university
of Laibach. After the second world war he researched and teached at the university of Graz in
the field of chemical technology, especially cellulose chemistry.
One of the most important students of Zinke was
Herbert HÖNEL (born 1890 in Graz, +1990 in Graz),
who got his doctoral degree in 1913 as student of Zinke.
He founded the Vianova Kunstharz AG in 1948/49 in Graz, (later Hoechst/Vianova, Monsanto/Solutia, Union Chimique Bruxelles/Surface Specialities and now Cytec/Surface Specialties).
Hönel worked from 1948-1952 in Zinkes laboratory on water soluble resins.